The Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT) exists to investigate complaints about the potential conduct of various public bodies, in relation to you, your property or communications.
The IPT was established in October 2000, as a result of the enactment of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA). The IPT can consider complaints about the use of a number of intrusive powers used by intelligence services, law enforcement agencies and public authorities.
The Tribunal can investigate any event that you believe has taken place against you, your property or your communications, as long as it relates to a power held by the organisation about whom you are complaining under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA, 2000).
The Tribunal can investigate complaints about any alleged conduct by, or on behalf of, the Intelligence Services - the Security Service (sometimes called MI5), the Secret Intelligence Service (sometimes called MI6) and GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters).
The scope of conduct the IPT can investigate concerning the Intelligence Agencies is much broader than it is with regard to the other public authorities. The IPT is the only Tribunal to whom complaints about the Intelligence Services can be directed